Brave New World Essays

Brave New World Essays-34
The humiliated Director resigns in shame before he can follow through with exiling Bernard.Bernard, as "custodian" of the "savage" John who is now treated as a celebrity, is fawned on by the highest members of society and revels in attention he once scorned.In 1999, the Modern Library ranked Brave New World as #5 on its list of the 100 best English-language novels of the 20th century.

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Linda has taught John to read, although from the only two books in her possession—a scientific manual and the complete works of Shakespeare.Bernard's popularity is fleeting, though, and he becomes envious that John only really bonds with the literary-minded Helmholtz.Considered hideous and friendless, Linda spends all her time using soma, while John refuses to attend social events organised by Bernard, appalled by what he perceives to be an empty society.Huxley followed this book with a reassessment in essay form, Brave New World Revisited (1958), and with his final novel, Island (1962), the utopian counterpart.The novel is often compared to George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949).His only friend is Helmholtz Watson, a gifted writer who finds it difficult to use his talents creatively in their pain-free society.Bernard takes a holiday with Lenina outside the World State to a Savage Reservation in New Mexico, in which the two observe natural-born people, disease, the ageing process, other languages, and religious lifestyles for the first time (the culture of the village folk resembles the contemporary Native American groups of the region, descendants of the Anasazi, including the Puebloan peoples of Acoma, Laguna and Zuni).Bernard and Lenina witness a violent public ritual and then encounter Linda, a woman originally from the World State who is living on the reservation with her son John, now a young man.She, too, visited the reservation on a holiday many years ago, but became separated from her group and was left behind.Huxley said that Brave New World was inspired by the utopian novels of H. Wells, including A Modern Utopia (1905), and Men Like Gods (1923).Wells's hopeful vision of the futures‘ possibilities gave Huxley the idea to begin writing a parody of the novels, which became Brave New World. Arthur Goldsmith, an American acquaintance, that he had "been having a little fun pulling the leg of H. Wells", but then he "got caught up in the excitement of [his] own ideas." Unlike the most popular optimist utopian novels of the time, Huxley sought to provide a frightening vision of the future. George Orwell believed that Brave New World must have been partly derived from the 1921 novel We by Russian author Yevgeny Zamyatin.

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