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Most of the time, you can just identify a source and quote from it, as in the first example above.Sometimes, however, you will need to modify the words or format of the quotation in order to fit in your paper.
When you have "embedded quotes," or quotations within quotations, you should switch from the normal quotation marks ("") to single quotation marks ('') to show the difference.
For example, if an original passage by John Archer reads: Akutagawa complicates the picture of picture of himself as mere “reader on the verge of writing his own text,” by having his narrated persona actually finish authoring the work in wich he appears.
If you want to borrow an idea from an author, but do not need his or her exact words, you should try paraphrasing instead of quoting.
Most of the time, paraphrasing and summarizing your sources is sufficient (but remember that you still have to cite them! If you think it’s important to quote something, an excellent rule of thumb is that for every line you quote, you should have at least two lines analyzing it.
Although it stood with its head raised, even its yellowed wings had been eaten by insects.
He thought of his entire life and felt tears and cruel laughter welling up inside. With this gesture Akutagawa ironizes the impossibility of truly writing the self by emphasizing the inevitable split that must occur between writing and written “self,” the Akutagawa still writing “A Fool's Life” cannot possibly be identical with the narrated persona which has finished the work.This depends on what type of work you are writing, how you are using the borrowed material, and the expectations of your instructor.First, you have to think about how you want to identify your sources.Taking the exact words from an original source is called quoting.You should quote material when you believe the way the original author expresses an idea is the most effective means of communicating the point you want to make.Whenever you change the original words of your source, you must indicate that you have done so.Otherwise, you would be claiming the original author used words that he or she did not use. You could accidentally change the meaning of the quotation and falsely claim the author said something they did not.But often you can just tag this information onto the beginning or end of a sentence.For example, the following sentence puts information about the author and work before the quotation: Milan Kundera, in his book The Art of the Novel, suggests that “if the novel should really disappear, it will do so not because it has exhausted its powers but because it exists in a world grown alien to it.” You may also want to describe the author(s) if they are not famous, or if you have reason to believe your reader does not know them.Finally, you should always consult your instructor to determine the form of citation appropriate for your paper.You can save a lot of time and energy simply by asking "How should I cite my sources," or "What style of citation should I use? In the following sections, we will take you step-by-step through some general guidelines for citing sources.