Dramatic Essays Of The Neoclassical Age

Dramatic Essays Of The Neoclassical Age-21
They were more concerned with vices rather than with virtues.The result was a coarse and inferior type of literature.But then the writers of the period began to evolve something that was characteristic of the times and they made two important contributions to English literature in the form of realism and a tendency to preciseness.

The two great doctrinal poems of Dryden are Religio Laici and The Hind and the Panther.

These poems are neither religious nor devotional, but theological and controversial.

They renounced old ideals and demanded that English poetry and drama should follow the style to which they had become accustomed in the gaiety of Paris.

Instead of having Shakespeare and the Elizabethans as their models, the poets and dramatists of the Restoration period began to imitate French writers and especially their vices.

He was the dominating figure of the Restoration period, and he made his mark in the fields of poetry, drama and prose.

In the field of poetry he was, in fact, the only poet worth mentioning.It is called the Age of Dryden, because Dryden was the dominating and most representative literary figure of the Age.As the Puritans who were previously controlling the country, and were supervising her literary and moral and social standards, were finally defeated, a reaction was launched against whatever they held sacred.The Royal Society, which was established during this period enjoined on all its members to use ‘a close, naked, natural way of speaking and writing, as near the mathematical plainness as they can”.Dryden accepted this rule for his prose, and for his poetry adopted the easiest type of verse-form—the heroic couplet.After the Restoration in 1660, when Charles II came to the throne, there was a complete repudiation of the Puritan ideals and way of living.In English literature the period from 1660 to 1700 is called the period of Restoration, because monarchy was restored in England, and Charles II, the son of Charles I who had been defeated and beheaded, came back to England from his exile in France and became the King.In his youth he came under the influence of Cowley, and his early poetry has the characteristic conceits and exaggerations of the metaphysical school.But in his later years he emancipated himself from the false taste and artificial style of the metaphysical writers, and wrote in a clear and forceful style which laid the foundation of the classical school of poetry in England.Under his guidance, the English writers evolved a style—precise, formal and elegant—which is called the classical style, and which dominated English literature for more than a century.n Dryden (1631-1700).The Restoration poetry was mostly satirical, realistic and written in the heroic couplet, of which Dryden was the supreme master.

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