Both groups organized to resist the entire civil rights movement often resorting to violence towards African American people in the most gruesome of ways.
The lawyers were seeking court’s orders to compel the school districts to let black students attend white public schools (Mc Bride.) The United States was in a national a struggle against segregated race.
In the year 1950 white people obviously had a social advantage as opposed to African-American people who were oppressed.
“In the 12 years from her escape in 1849 to the beginning of the Civil War in 1861, Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad became the most dominant force of abolitionism” (“Women in History”, 2012.) Tubman was known to many throughout the country as the “General” because of her daring and infamous trips to the South to lead some 50-60 slaves to freedom.
After the end of the Civil War slaves were legally free, but many slave owners in the South refused to obey these new laws and still treated the African-Americans as worse as they were they were treated before this law was in place.
The Brown case was Brown vs the Board of Education of Topeka in which the supreme court put laws into place that separate public schools for African American and white students to be unconstitutional.
The supreme court’s decision outlawed racial segregation in public schools around the country and a great number of white people all throughout the United States were enraged the decision.
They all felt that as jazz musicians they were the most influential unofficial ambassador’s [sic] that America had…so they began to plan.
Americans abroad, as well as foreigners, could see the problems rife within America, thus even jazz musicians began working on plans in an attempt to stop the insistence that people of color were second-class citizens devoid of rights.
It was formed to help slaves escape the South into free northern states and Canada.
One of the most famous conductors of the Underground Railroad was Harriet Tubman.