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These immigrant youth, or DREAMers[i], must learn to navigate a complex web of challenges in finding access to higher education, complicated by their non-citizen status, national and state laws, institutional policies, and various levels of campus support. higher education is gaining widespread, national attention under the spotlight of immigration reform in a tense political landscape.
Under the new Trump presidency, the undocumented immigrant community is facing a shocking upsurge in anti-immigrant rhetoric and threating changes to immigration policies[v].
Most recently, the White House announced that the DACA program is being rescinded and will no longer accept applications or renewals.
Social and Psychological Circumstances A culturally responsive student support and advising approach considers social and psychological conditions that affect this particular student demographic (Carnaje, 2016; Gay, 2010; Mitchell, Wood, & Witherspoon, 2010; Museus, 2014).
Undocumented immigrant families face constant economic, social, and legal challenges that can erode their well-being.
Without proper documentation to work legally, and with little or no education, many unauthorized adult immigrants experience job insecurity, low wages, and labor-intensive work while struggling to protect and raise their families. A profile of current DACA recipients by education, industry, and occupation. utm_source=Recent Postings Alert&utm_medium=Email&utm_campaign=RP Daily ____________________________________________________________________________ Footnotes: [i] The term DREAMers is widely used amongst undocumented youth and immigration reform activists and makes reference to the Development, Relief, and Education for Alien Minors legislation that was first proposed in 2001, but never passed Congress. [ii] The DACA executive order, passed in 2012, and set to rescind March 2018, granted qualifying undocumented young adults, between the approximate ages of 15–30, temporary lawful presence in the U.
Not qualifying for many public benefit programs, such as the Affordable Care Act, Medicare, and Medicaid, makes it difficult to meet the most basic human needs. The term is a self-identifier within the political DREAMer movement and projects a sense of courage, hope, and active fight toward social justice and equality for the U. undocumented youth population (American Immigration Council, 2012; U. S., and access to a temporary work permit, driver’s license and social security number that can be renewed every two years. [iii] According to the Department of Homeland Security (2013), “The unauthorized resident immigrant population is defined as all foreign-born non-citizens who are not legal residents.By March 5, 2018, an average of 915 people per day will begin to lose their DACA benefits (Zong et al., 2017).Previously optimistic about the capacity to carry their education to a professional industry, DACA students now fear that the loss of their work authorization, valid identification, and deportation protections will leave them vulnerable, isolated, and unable to contribute to a country they know as home.Student stories also bring to light fond memories of education in schools that provide a sense of belonging, caring adult support, stability, friendships, and security (Gonzales, 2016; Perez, 2009). Retrieved from https://medium.com/@UNITEDWEDREAM/split-decision-on-dapa-and-expanded-daca-what-you-need-to-know-cc1db227572#.jf87muq1r Yosso, T. Undecided & Exploratory Student Resources NACADA Resources: Need-Supportive Advising for Undecided Students, via NACADA Journal, 2016 Academic Advising Experiences of First-Year Undeci...As immigrant youth develop into adulthood, they increasingly experience the psychological impacts of being a cultural—but not a legal—citizen, and begin to personally confront the limits of their status. Two-year/Community College Resources Academic Advising: Advising at the two year college: Which hat will we wear today?The aim of this essay is, first, to synthesize key findings in research on the political, cultural, and contextual variables that impact the undocumented student experience in college and, second, to propose best practices to support undocumented college students.Using culturally responsive advising theory and critical race theory, it becomes evident that academic advisors and student service specialists should avoid one-size-fits-all and prescriptive advising approaches to undocumented student support, and instead, cultivate integrative, holistic, and student-centered care. K–12 public education system for undocumented, immigrant children.Policy and Legal Contexts Recent demographics from the U. Department of Homeland Security and the Pew Research Center show there were 11.4 million unauthorized immigrants[iii] in the U. in 2012, or 3.5% of the nation’s population, from which approximately 2.1 million were K–12 aged students (Baker & Rytina, 2012; López, & Radford, 2016). Since the Plyler ruling covered only K–12 education, undocumented students, immigration advocates, public leaders, and political figures rallied for a more comprehensive immigration reform plan.Data from Educators for Fair Consideration indicate that out of the 65,000 undocumented students graduating from high school nationwide annually, only 5–10% continue to college, resulting in an estimated 7,000–13,000 students currently enrolled in U. higher education (Educators for Fair Consideration, 2012). The Development, Relief, and Education for Alien Minors, or DREAM Act, is a bipartisan legislation first introduced in Congress in 2001 that would ultimately provide a pathway to citizenship for undocumented youth (American Immigration Council, 2011).Even if DACA was never a path to citizenship, nearly 800,000 beneficiaries over the past five years received protection from deportation, employee authorization, and access to a social security number and state identification or driver’s license to youth.The Migration Policy Institute released new findings based on U. Citizenship and Immigration Services data that show significant benefits of DACA on education and employment.