consists of small decorative items worn for personal adornment, such as brooches, rings, necklaces, earrings, pendants, bracelets, and cufflinks.Jewellery may be attached to the body or the clothes.The British crown jewels contain the Cullinan Diamond, part of the largest gem-quality rough diamond ever found (1905), at 3,106.75 carats (621.35 g).
Emeralds are one of the three main precious gemstones (along with rubies and sapphires) and are known for their fine green to bluish green colour.
They have been treasured throughout history, and some historians report that the Egyptians mined emerald as early as 3500 BC.
Jewellery may be made from a wide range of materials.
Gemstones and similar materials such as amber and coral, precious metals, beads, and shells have been widely used, and enamel has often been important.
There are negative consequences of the diamond trade in certain areas.
Diamonds mined during the recent civil wars in Angola, Ivory Coast, Sierra Leone, and other nations have been labelled as blood diamonds when they are mined in a war zone and sold to finance an insurgency.
Numerous cultures store wedding dowries in the form of jewellery or make jewellery as a means to store or display coins.
Alternatively, jewellery has been used as a currency or trade good; Jewellery can also symbolise group membership (as in the case, of the Christian crucifix or the Jewish Star of David) or status (as in the case of chains of office, or the Western practice of married people wearing wedding rings).
From a western perspective, the term is restricted to durable ornaments, excluding flowers for example.
For many centuries metal, often combined with gemstones, has been the normal material for jewellery, but other materials such as shells and other plant materials may be used.