Essays Ethics Branch Philosophy

It is significant that in retrospect Mill connects this momentary stirring of the imagination by poetry, quite apart from the appeal of its opinions, with the “inspiring effect,” “the best sort of enthusiasm,” roused by biographies of wise and noble men. [N]either selfish nor unselfish pleasures were pleasures to me.” To “know that a feeling would make me happy if I had it, did not give me the feeling.” “. These associations Mill now saw as artificial and mechanical, not natural. .” (97, 96.) A consideration of these passages in the all that Mill is separating the two aspects of Bentham’s system, the constructive and the critical, and showing why he largely rejects the former, while still generally approving of the latter.These stirrings are, as he points out, of greater meaning from the vantage-point of maturity than they were at the time. They are, in fact, deliberately created or cultivated prejudices (or, to use a more modern terminology, states of conditioning). is that it tends to weaken and undermine whatever is the result of prejudice. This whole procedure suggests a detached and rational weighing of Benthamism difficult to reconcile with the obvious agitation of Mill’s mind at this time. the object of existence, were the greatest and surest source of happiness” (97), he had seemed to be faced with a dilemma.Singer asks whether chimpanzees are people, smoking should be outlawed, or consensual sex between adult siblings should be decriminalized, and he reiterates his case against the idea that all human life is sacred, applying his arguments to some recent cases in the news.

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More This is a collection of original essays by leading scholars in the field today.

Anglophone philosophy has tended to focus on Spinoza’s contribution to metaphysics and epistemology, while philosophy on the continent has tended to show greater interest in his political philosophy.

No part of this material may be reproduced in any form or medium without the permission of The University of Toronto Press.

Unless otherwise stated in the Copyright Information section above, this material may be used freely for educational and academic purposes. collected in this volume are the main documents for the illustration and exposition of John Stuart Mill’s thoughts on ethics and religion and their function in society.

Now, in Ethics in the Real World, Singer shows that he is also a master at dissecting important current events in a few hundred words.

In this book of brief essays, he applies his controversial ways of thinking to issues like climate change, extreme poverty, animals, abortion, euthanasia, human genetic selection, sports doping, the sale of kidneys, the ethics of high-priced art, and ways of increasing happiness.

The whole Benthamite system of the regeneration of mankind, to which the young Mill fully subscribed, was to be the “effect of educated intellect, enlightening the selfish feelings” (78).

The inevitable egoism of man was to be modified into an enlightened egoism.

It is this second task, and this second approach, that I undertake in this general introduction.

It is natural for discussions of Mill’s variations from Benthamism to start with evidence of his discontent or restiveness under Bentham’s rule, and the main documents called in to supply that evidence are the and the essays on Bentham and on Coleridge. But my zeal was as yet little else, at that period of my life, than zeal for speculative opinions.

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