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In other parts of the world, such as Central Asia, the Caucasus region and parts of Africa, women are at risk of bride kidnappings or marriage by capture, in which a man abducts the woman he wishes to marry.Honor killings — the killing of females by male relatives to restore family honor — are deeply rooted in some cultures where women are considered the property of male relatives and are responsible for upholding family honor.
There are also forms of violence against women and girls related to marriage — child marriage, forced arranged marriages, bride kidnappings, and dowry-related deaths and violence.
Child marriage and forced marriages are common in Africa, South and Central Asia, and the Middle East.
Women and children, trafficked for sex and slave labor, are particularly vulnerable in conflict zones.
This woman was among hundreds raped when rebels attacked a village in the Democratic Republic of Congo.iolence against women is a serious human rights violation and a public health problem of global proportions.
The ADVN has a collaborative relationship with government and takes a long-term approach that they believe is necessary to influence legislative changes and implementation of the law.
Figure 4.1: Violence against women is a serious and common problem worldwide.In many parts of the world, violence against women and girls is based upon cultural and historical practices.In some parts of the world, particularly in Africa and the Middle East, female genital mutilation is a common form of violence against women.A woman can be killed for talking to a male who is not a relative, consensual sexual relations outside of marriage, being raped, refusing to marry the man of her family’s choice, disrespecting her husband or seeking a divorce.Finally, trafficking of women and girls for sexual exploitation, marriage, domestic servitude and labor is another form of violence against women.The Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1993, defines violence against women as “any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life.” International research, conducted over the past two decades by the World Health Organization and others, reveals that violence against women is a much more serious and common problem than previously suspected.It is estimated that one out of three women worldwide has been raped, beaten or abused.The chapter discusses the breadth and severity of violence against women with case studies of organizing and resistance against sexualized and domestic violence from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and the Peoples’ Republic of China.Globally, it is estimated that one-third of women have been beaten, raped or abused.South Asia reportedly has some of the highest rates of child marriages in the world.In South Asia, young women are murdered or driven to suicide as a result of continuous harassment and torture by husbands and in-laws trying to extort more dowry from the bride and her family.