Grades 11 and 12: Writing Purposes In grades eleven and twelve, students write in a variety of forms, including business, personal, literary, and persuasive texts, for various audiences and purposes.
Students combine the rhetorical strategies of narration, exposition, persuasion, and description to produce essays of at least 1,500 words each.
—Use appropriate manuscript requirements in writing, including title page presentation, pagination, spacing and margins, and integration of source and support material.
Punctuation —Identify and correctly use the mechanics of punctuation, including commas, colons, semicolons, apostrophes, dashes, quotation marks, parentheses, ellipses, brackets, and underlining or italics.
In particular, writing standards for grades eleven and twelve specify these key markers of proficiency: Sentence Structure —Understand correct use of varied sentence structure, including the elimination of dangling or misplaced modifiers, run-on or fused sentences, and unintended sentence fragments.
—Compose increasingly more involved sentences that contain clauses (e.g., main and subordinate) and phrases (e.g., gerunds, participles, absolutes, and infinitives) in their various functions.
—Understand foreign words commonly used in English (e.g., laissez faire, croissant).
Penmanship —Students use fluent and legible handwriting skills.
Students plan, draft, and complete written compositions on a regular basis, editing their essays for clarity, engaging language, and the correct use of standard American English.
11th graders and 12th graders practice all forms of writing, with an emphasis on writing coherent and focused persuasive essays that convey a well-defined perspective and tightly reasoned argument.