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Great Chain of Being, also called Chain of Being, conception of the nature of the universe that had a pervasive influence on Western thought, particularly through the ancient Greek Neoplatonists and derivative philosophies during the European Renaissance and the 17th and early 18th centuries.
Shakespearean representation of the ramifications that a disruption to the Great Chain of Being’ would cause is one of the reasons for its ongoing relevance.
Historically, Shakespeare has paid great reverence to the hierarchical order in which society must abide by in Renaissance England.
This concept is demonstrated when Macbeth disturbs the chain by murdering Duncan and usurping the throne, nature goes haywire. Some say, the earth was ferrous and did shake,” (2. This entire soliloquy is a pathetic fallacy that displays the negative effects of uncontrolled power.
Machete’s regicide at Inverness initiates chaos in Scotland, as any attempt of displacement would be a slight against god which is supplemented with disorder in the natural universe.
There will be more on this subject and my Macbeth tag carries several linked pieces of writing.
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A statement made by Marina Villa in her critical analysis of this text, “…
Macbeth focuses on the oedipal complex; the father/son struggle between Macbeth and Duncan and the fall of the heroes through fatal conscience” explains that the Oedipus complex is incorporated into the play.