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It is the well-ordered matrix of his generic ‘neighbourhood unit’ and the hierarchical circulation pattern of his ‘TVs’ that has given Chandigarh its distinctive character.The matrix comprises a regular grid of the fast traffic V3 roads which define each neighbourhood unit, the ‘sector’.
The vertical green belts, with the pedestrian V7, contained sites for schools and sports activities.
A city such as described above could be placed almost anywhere.
All of his work, from the carefully detailed Mahatma Gandhi Memorial Museum at the Sabarmati Ashram in Ahmedabad to Kanchenjunga Apartment tower in Mumbai, the Jawahar Kala Kendra in Jaipur, the planning of Navi Mumbai, places special emphasis on prevailing resources, energy and climate as major determinants in the ordering of space.
Correa has done pioneering work in urban issues and low cost shelter in the Third World.
The sector itself was conceived as a self-sufficient and—in a radical departure from other precedents and contemporarous concepts—a completely introverted unit, but was connected with the adjoining ones through its V4, the shopping street, as well as the bands of open space that cut across in the opposite direction.
Day-to-day facilities for shopping, healthcare, recreation and the like were arrayed along the V4, all on the shady side.A unique urban architectural experiment was made in the development of Chandigarh by the French architect, Le Corbusier.The most significant role played by Le Corbusier in Chandigarh was in conceiving the city’s present urban form.As the nearest existing equivalent I have chosen the word ‘nationalism’, but it will be seen in a moment that I am not using it in quite the ordinary sense, if only because the emotion I am speaking about does not always attach itself to what is called a nation – that is, a single race or a geographical area.It can attach itself to a church or a class, or it may work in a merely negative sense, something or other and without the need for any positive object of loyalty.By ‘nationalism’ I mean first of all the habit of assuming that human beings can be classified like insects and that whole blocks of millions or tens of millions of people can be confidently labelled ‘good’ or ‘bad’.But secondly – and this is much more important – I mean the habit of identifying oneself with a single nation or other unit, placing it beyond good and evil and recognizing no other duty than that of advancing its interests.Modern Indian architecture cannot be discussed without considering the Goan architect Charles Correa who has become a major figure in contemporary architecture around the world.He has played a pivotal role in the creation of an architecture for post-Independence India.In order to reduce consumption of steel and cement, he introduced the filler slab construction.By effectively using arches and corbels, the need for reinforced lintels was almost completely avoided.