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For example, the site prefix of the IPv6 address The global unicast address is globally unique in the Internet.
The interface ID identifies an interface of a particular node. IPv6 hosts can use the Neighbor Discovery protocol to automatically generate their own interface IDs.
Neighbor Discovery automatically generates the interface ID, based on the MAC or EUI-64 address of the host's interface.
For transition purposes, the IPv6 protocol includes the ability to embed an IPv4 address within an IPv6 address.
This type of IPv4 address facilitates the tunneling of IPv6 packets over existing IPv4 networks.
The link-local unicast address can be used only on the local network link.
Link-local addresses are not valid nor recognized outside the enterprise.
The interface ID is either automatically configured from the interface's MAC address or manually configured in EUI-64 format.
Consider again the address in Figure 3–2: , contain the interface ID.
The subnet ID describes the private topology, also known as the site topology, because it is internal to your site.
The rightmost four fields (64 bits) contain the interface ID, also referred to as a token.