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Geniuses are rarely the best teachers, the best critics, or the best explainers.So it's rare to come across a genius's account of "how genius works." But such accounts do exist, and we were lucky enough to unearth one near the end of our research into the life of Claude Shannon (1916-2001), the intellectual architect of the information age.Stripping away everything inessential was just what helped Shannon get to the essence of information.
Engineers must learn new ways to solve problems in these countries.3. Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, manufacturing in the U. produced 19,237 trillion BTUs and 1,071 million metric tons of carbon dioxide.4. The contributions to our energy production from renewables and other new fuel sources are growing at 6% per year according to BP and will contribute 45% of the increment in energy production by 2035.5. Meanwhile, according to a UCLA study, 40% of students enrolled as STEM majors switched subjects or failed to get a degree.7.
The Renewable Resources Journal reports that the world’s population will grow by 2 billion over the next two decades, 95% of this in developing or underdeveloped countries. Europe leads the way in sustainability, with seven out of the world’s top 10 most sustainable cities, according to the ARCADIS Sustainable Cities Index.6. By 2018, the United States will have more than 1.2 million unfilled STEM jobs.
Drawing P's and S's on the blackboard to stand for problems and solutions, Shannon observed that if you're a true expert, "your mental matrix will be filled with P's and S's," a vocabulary of questions already answered.
Shannon gives a nod here to the value of experience and years of study and practice.
Shannon was speaking to an audience of engineers, but we've found his problem-solving methods remarkably flexible across a whole range of fields and refreshingly accessible to all of us non-geniuses, too.
Because what Shannon describes isn't the glittering end product of his mental efforts, it's the process he takes to get there, one that doesn't require an excess of IQ points to use.He describes coming to Shannon's office one day with a new research idea full of "bells and whistles." For Shannon, though, bells and whistles were just a distraction and he proceeded to take the problem apart piece by piece. At a certain point, I was getting upset, because I saw this neat research problem of mine had become almost trivial.As Gallager said: "He looked at it, sort of puzzled, and said, 'Well, do you really need this assumption? But at a certain point, with all these pieces stripped out, we both saw how to solve it.He kept his own counsel, and he wasn't given to waxing philosophical on the creative process or the nature of genius. In a cache of unpublished papers deep in an online archive, we found Shannon's attempt at an answer.It's the typed text of a March 20th, 1952, lecture to his colleagues at Bell Labs on the topic of "Creative Thinking." And it turned out to represent a tantalizingly rare window into the mind of a scientific genius — a step-by-step breakdown of Shannon's method for formulating and solving problems.As a colleague said later, "How he got that insight, how he even thought such a thing, I don't know." That question — — always hovered at the edges of Shannon's life.An introverted Midwesterner, shy from childhood through adulthood, Shannon had the kind of impenetrable intellect common to geniuses.This puts a lot of pressure on new drug creation and also on innovative engineering techniques to deliver drugs.Science Direct combines authoritative, full-text scientific and technical research with smart, intuitive functionality so engineers can stay informed and work more effectively and efficiently.Addressing climate change through engineering innovation. Six of the 10 cities with the largest annual flood costs by 2050 are in India and China. Improving our health and well-being through life sciences, nanotechnology & bio-engineering.Administration on Aging, by 2060 the population of Americans aged 65 and older will have more than doubled in size from 2011.