The key to solving these problems is to understand what is being asked, what operation needs to be used and what method is best to use.
Problems in KS1 SATs might involve money, measures and time intervals.
This question is harder, as it is not immediately clear whether it is a multiplication or division question and it could be confusing to a child, as 15 cannot be divided by 6. Your child could draw a circle with a '6' in it, representing a pack of 6 cups.
They could then draw another and add the two 6s together to make 12.
For example: Some children will know immediately that the question is asking 3 x 5, the answer to which is 15.
Key Stage 2 Problem Solving Short Stories Creative Writing
Others may not see this immediately and will need to draw the three boxes and then perhaps write '5' on each one, then count in 5s to find the answer.
Exactly half of the children in Year 5 have packed lunches. Some problems will simply test a child's ability to use an efficient method for a particular operation.
For example, the following problem is not difficult to understand, but involves adding three amounts of money.
Although the word problems they come across in the SATs will test them on these facts, your child may not immediately realise that this is what is being asked of them.
This is why it is again really important that they use diagrams to help themselves get their answer.