And then, again, still unintroitive, addresses the Witches: I' the name of truth, Are ye fantastical, or that indeed Which outwardly ye show?
Banquo's questions are those of natural curiosity,such as a girl would put after hearing a gipsy tell her school-fellow's fortune;all perfectly general, or rather planless.
For the same cause, there are no reasonings of equivocal morality, which would have required a more leisurely state and a consequently greater activity of mind;no sophistry of self-delusion,except only that previously to the dreadful act, Macbeth mistranslates the recoilings and ominous whispers of conscience into prudential and selfish reasonings, and, after the deed done the terrors of remorse into fear from external dangers, like delirious men who run away from the phantoms of I their own brains, or, raised by terror to rage, stab the real object that is within their reach:whilst Lady Macbeth merely endeavours to reconcile his and her own sinkings of heart by anticipations of the worst, and an. In all the rest, Macbeth's language is the grave utterance of the very heart, conscience-sick, even to the last faintings of moral death. The variety arises from rage, caused ever and anon by disruption of anxious thought, and the quick transition of fear into it.
In Hamlet and Macbeth the scene opens with superstition; but, in each it is not merely different, but opposite.
In the first it is connected with the best and holiest feelings; in the second with the shadowy, turbulent, and unsanctified cravings of the individual will.
Nor is the purpose the same; in the one the object is to excite, whilst in the other it is to mark a mind already excited.
Lost in the prospective of his guilt, he turns round alarmed lest others may suspect what is passing in his own mind, and instantly vents the lie of ambition: My dull brain was wrought With things forgotten; And immediately after pours forth the promising courtesies of a usurper in intention: Kind gentlemen, your pains Are register'd where every day I turn The leaf to read them. Macbeth's speech: Present fears Are less than horrible imaginings. And here in contrast with Duncan's 'plenteous joys,' Macbeth has nothing but the common-places of loyalty, in which he hides himself with 'our duties.' Note the exceeding effort of Macbeth's addresses to the king, his reasoning on his allegiance, and then especially when a new difficulty, the designation of a successor, suggests a new crime.
Warburton's note, and substitution of 'feats' for 'fears.' Mercy on this most wilful ingenuity of blundering, which, nevertheless, was the very Warburton of Warburton his inmost being! This, however, seems the first distinct notion, as to the plan of realizing his wishes; and here, therefore, with great propriety, Macbeth's cowardice of his own conscience discloses itself. Macbeth is described by Lady Macbeth so as at the same time to reveal her own character. Compare Macbeth's mode of working on the murderers in this place with Schiller's mistaken scene between Butler, Devereux, and Macdonald in Wallenstein.
The true reason for the first appearance of the Witches is to strike the key-note of the character of the whole drama, as is proved by their reappearance in the third scene, after such an order of the king's as establishes their supernatural power of informa-tion.
I say information,for so it only is as to Glamis and Cawdor; the 'king hereafter' was still contingent, still in Macbeth's moral will; although, if he should yield to the temptation, and thus forfeit his free agency, the link of cause and effect more physico would then commence.