Logotherapy can be used by itself to treat a mental health disorder, as most early psychotherapy was used.It can also be used in a positive psychology context to help people with no discernible mental health disorders live a life with meaning, and in turn higher levels of well-being.In other words, logotherapy is a type of psychotherapy that believes that lack of meaning causes mental health issues, so it attempts to help people find meaning in order to help solve their problems.
Logotherapy can be used by itself to treat a mental health disorder, as most early psychotherapy was used.It can also be used in a positive psychology context to help people with no discernible mental health disorders live a life with meaning, and in turn higher levels of well-being.
Logotherapists believe that a lack of meaning can lead to “emptiness, hopelessness, or despair”, so they try to help people find meaning “through ‘creative values’, ‘experiential values’, and ‘attitudinal values’” (Ameli & Dattilio, 2013).
The techniques used in logotherapy underline this mission.
For example, a client who constantly worries about car accidents might humorously wish loudly to get into a car accident to distance themselves from the fear.
Dereflection, based on “self-transcendence”, attempts to redirect unhealthy amounts of attention on a problem from the problem to a more meaningful object of attention.
Logotherapy can also be used in a group or family therapy setting to help people deal with a number of stressors.
The versatility of logotherapy is clear when looking through its modern-day applications.logotherapy has developed methods for working with clients who suffer from phobias in their sexual behavior, have incurable diseases, or lead empty and meaningless lives” (Faramarzi & Bavali, 2017).This shows the variety of contexts logotherapy can apply to.Logotherapy has recently been used to help support students, whether it’s in the context of giving elementary school students a sense of meaning and lowering their levels of depression (Kang et al., 2013), or in the context of giving first-year University students logotherapy-based support (Mason & Nel, 2011).Logotherapy has also been used to improve the quality of life of adolescents with terminal cancer (Kang et al., 2009).To Frankl, these shortcomings of Viennese psychotherapy necessitated the creation of a new type of psychotherapy, which became his logotherapy.Logotherapy does not conflict with psychotherapy but is instead simply focused on meaning.In fact, existential analysis “may be understood as the philosophical and scientific basis of logotherapy as well as an essential part of a theory proper” (Batthyany).For these purposes, existential analysis refers to the analysis of one’s own existence, which naturally flows into the question of meaning.Logotherapy is considered to be the third school of Viennese psychotherapy, along with Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalysis and Alfred Adler’s individual psychology.Logotherapy is defined by the idea that humans are motivated by a “will to meaning” as opposed to the “will to pleasure” and “will to power” highlighted by Freud and Adler, respectively (Ameli & Dattilio, 2013).