Britain on the one hand and the Soviet Union on the other began to unravel.
The Cold War began after the surrender of Nazi Germany in 1945, when the uneasy alliance between the United States and Great Britain on the one hand and the Soviet Union on the other started to fall apart.
The Soviet Union began to establish left-wing governments in the countries of eastern Europe, determined to safeguard against a possible renewed threat from Germany. aid had brought certain Western countries under American influence and the Soviets had established openly communist regimes.
Meanwhile, Japan and certain Western countries were becoming more economically independent.
Increasingly complex international relationships developed as a result, and smaller countries became more resistant to superpower cajoling.
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