Origins Cold War Essay

Origins Cold War Essay-9
Britain on the one hand and the Soviet Union on the other began to unravel.

The Cold War began after the surrender of Nazi Germany in 1945, when the uneasy alliance between the United States and Great Britain on the one hand and the Soviet Union on the other started to fall apart.

The Soviet Union began to establish left-wing governments in the countries of eastern Europe, determined to safeguard against a possible renewed threat from Germany. aid had brought certain Western countries under American influence and the Soviets had established openly communist regimes.

Meanwhile, Japan and certain Western countries were becoming more economically independent.

Increasingly complex international relationships developed as a result, and smaller countries became more resistant to superpower cajoling.

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George Orwell in an article published in 1945 to refer to what he predicted would be a nuclear stalemate between “two or three monstrous super-states, each possessed of a weapon by which millions of people can be wiped out in a few seconds.” It was first used in the United States by the American financier and presidential adviser The Cold War was an ongoing political rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union and their respective allies that developed after World War II.The United States and the Soviet Union began developing intercontinental ballistic The Cuban missile crisis showed that neither the United States nor the Soviet Union were ready to use nuclear weapons for fear of the other’s retaliation (and thus of mutual atomic annihilation).The two superpowers soon signed the Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty of 1963, which banned aboveground nuclear weapons testing.Gorbachev’s reforms meanwhile weakened his own communist party and allowed power to shift to the constituent governments of the Soviet bloc.The Soviet Union collapsed in late 1991, giving rise to 15 newly independent nations, including a Russia with an anticommunist leader. Explain why the Korean peninsula was divided along the 38th parallel in 1945. What people, policies and events contributed to this separate development? Describe how the Allies responded to the Berlin Blockade in 1948. What methods did they use and how successful were they? Why did the East German government erect a wall in Berlin in 1961? What was the Bay of Pigs campaign and what did it seek to achieve? Referring to specific sources, explain how propaganda depicted life in both capitalist and socialist nations. Research two or three ‘proxy wars’ during the Cold War. Evaluate the Reagan administration’s strategy during the Cold War. Poland was one Soviet bloc nation to experience popular opposition to the socialist government. How did music challenge or change ideas and attitudes? What impact did it have on the Soviet Union and the Cold War? Discuss the people, events and factors that contributed to this significant event. Why was there an attempted against Mikhail Gorbachev in August 1991? For more information on usage, please refer to our Terms of Use. Why did Germany evolve into two separate states between 19? Why did those concerned seek to escape to the West? How did socialism in these countries compare to that in Soviet bloc nations? How did propaganda shape public attitudes during the Cold War? Identify some notable ‘successes’ and ‘failures’ of the UN. Discuss how popular music contributed to the decline of the Cold War. Referring to two specific countries, explain how popular movements led to political reform. What brought about the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989? What factors brought about the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. Citation information Title: “Cold War essay questions” Authors: Jennifer Llewellyn, Jim Southey, Steve Thompson Publisher: Alpha History URL: Date published: September 30, 2018 Date accessed: September 06, 2019 Copyright: The content on this page may not be republished without our express permission.The Americans and the British feared the permanent Soviet domination of eastern Europe and the threat of Soviet-influenced communist parties coming to power in the democracies of western Europe. aid provided under the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), a unified military command to resist the Soviet presence in Europe (1949); the Soviets exploded their first atomic warhead (1949), thus ending the American monopoly on the atomic bomb; the Chinese communists came to power in mainland China (1949); and the Soviet-supported communist government of North Korea invaded U.The Soviets, on the other hand, were determined to maintain control of eastern Europe in order to safeguard against any possible renewed threat from Germany, and they were intent on spreading communism worldwide, largely for ideological reasons. S.-supported South Korea in 1950, setting off an indecisive From 1953 to 1957 Cold War tensions relaxed somewhat, largely owing to the death of the longtime Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin in 1953; nevertheless, the standoff remained. What did Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev mean when he described Berlin as the “testicles of the West”? Why was this move unacceptable to the United States? Did the US really wage “undeclared war” on Cuba, as Castro has claimed? What was the doctrine of “Mutually Assured Destruction” and how effective was it at avoiding conflict? In October 1949 Mao Zedong and the Chinese Communist Party emerged as the new leaders of China. How did this idea shape Western policy in the Cold War? What precautions did governments take to protect their civilian population during and after a nuclear strike? Why did Moscow agree to install ballistic missiles on the island of Cuba? Why is the handling of the Cuban missile crisis referred to as an example of brinkmanship? Did Kennedy’s presidency escalate or ease Cold War tensions? Summarise the United States’ Cuba policy after the missile crisis. Was Castro’s Cuba a communist utopia, an oppressive dictatorship or something else? Explain how nuclear weapons shaped policy and attitudes during the Cold War. Investigate civil defence measures of the 1950s and 1960s.


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