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John Rawls used a social contract argument to show that justice, and especially distributive justice, is a form of fairness.Property rights theorists (like Robert Nozick) also take a consequentialist view of distributive justice and argue that property rights-based justice maximizes the overall wealth of an economic system.
The legal system, when looked at closer is not justice but instead - judgment.
You can be punished when found guilty, in a number of ways, but who knows if they’re “fair” punishments, it’s all a matter of opinion.
In his dialogue Republic, Plato uses Socrates to argue for justice that covers both the just person and the just City State.
Justice is a proper, harmonious relationship between the warring parts of the person or city.
Similarly, a city has three parts – Socrates uses the parable of the chariot to illustrate his point: a chariot works as a whole because the two horses' power is directed by the charioteer.
Lovers of wisdom – philosophers, in one sense of the term – should rule because only they understand what is good.
Thinkers in the social contract tradition argued that justice is derived from the mutual agreement of everyone concerned.
In the 1800s, utilitarian thinkers including John Stuart Mill argued that justice is what has the best consequences.
The possibilities for her life were endless, she could have lived to the old age of 95. They’ll be able to walk free at the end of their term, and perhaps few will remember them then and what they did. Because although the legal system is not always right, it needs that lofty ideal of justice as something to strive for, something to hope gets accomplished, the hope for every victim of a crime of any nature.
The seeking of justice is a tiring and long quest akin to the seeking of truth, for they are closely linked and without one there may not be the other.