The impressive progress the government and its donors have made in getting girls to attend school was a good beginning, not a completed task.
This report examines the major barriers that remain in the quest to get all girls into school, and keep them there through secondary school.
The World Bank reported that from 2011-12 to 2013-2014, attendance rates in lower primary school fell from 56 to 54 percent, with girls in rural areas most likely to be out of school.
Government statistics indicate that in some provinces, the percentage of students who are girls is as low as 15 percent.
In April 2017, a Ministry of Education official told Human Rights Watch that there are 9.3 million children in school, 39 percent of whom are girls.
Poverty In Afghanistan Essay The Body Of Essay
All of these figures are inflated by the government’s practice of counting a child as attending school until she or he has not attended for up to three years.The government and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), with donor support, built schools, hired and trained teachers, and reached out to girls and their families to encourage them to attend school.The actual number of girls who, over time, went to school is disputed, but there is broad agreement that since 2001 millions of girls who would not have received any education under the Taliban now have had some schooling. Even according to the most optimistic figures regarding girls’ participation in education, there are millions of girls who never went to school, and many more who went to school only briefly.Currently, as the overall security situation in the country worsens, schools close, and donors disengage, there are indications that access to education for girls in some parts of Afghanistan is in decline.Despite the overall progress, Afghanistan’s provision of education still discriminates against women by providing fewer schools accessible to girls, and by failing to take adequate measures to remedy the disparity in educational participation between girls and boys.An accurate accounting of the number of girls in school matters, in part because high but inaccurate figures have given the impression that there is a continued positive trajectory when in fact deterioration is happening in at least some parts of the country.According to government statistics, while the number of children in school continued to increase through 2015, the increase has leveled off and become minimal since 2011, with only a 1 percent increase in 2015 over 2014.Senior officials from troop-contributing nations in the early years of the war spoke out about the suffering of women under the Taliban.Among the Taliban’s most systematic and destructive abuses against women was the denial of education.© 2017 Paula Bronstein for Human Rights Watch , an estimated two-thirds of Afghan girls do not go to school.And as security in the country has worsened, the progress that had been made toward the goal of getting all girls into school may be heading in reverse—a decline in girls’ education in Afghanistan.