Research Paper On Recess

Research Paper On Recess-35
An inductive content analysis of children’s type of play and activity engagement during recess was conducted to categorize activities.

An inductive content analysis of children’s type of play and activity engagement during recess was conducted to categorize activities.

Engagement in ‘sports and organized activities’ and ‘non-engagement in play’ contributed most to the separation between boys and girls, while ‘non-engagement in play’ contributed most to the separation between recess intervention and non-intervention schools.

School-based recess is an opportunity for children to be physically active during the school day [1].

The American Academy of Pediatrics [2] has asserted that in the United States school-based recess not only provides an environment for health enhancing physical activity (PA), but also confers benefits for social development, cognitive functioning, and improved classroom behavior.

Yet, results of observational research show that high levels of fighting and conflict can occur during recess, particularly in schools serving high levels of socially disadvantaged students [3, 4].

The results of this content analysis were the basis for creating an observational protocol for playground play derived from use of the original ADL-PP (Table 1).

Next, inter-rater reliability of observational coding for each play domain was tested using a one-way random effects intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC).

Observations were conducted at 5-min intervals during recess, with frequency counts being collected for all different games, activities, or sedentary behaviors.

Throughout data collection, a second coder recorded inter-rater reliability observations at 49 points that spanned 22 unique recess periods at four different schools.

The purpose of the current study was to examine reliability and validity evidence for an observational measure of playground play during recess.

Observational data of what children played at recess were collected at 236 recess sessions across 26 urban elementary schools.

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