In essence, the moral of the story is that money cannot buy happiness, and that greed is a corruptive force that consumes one’s soul.The reason why Steinbeck’s novel is still taught in schools to this day is that beyond its literary richness is a valuable lesson and a relatable story of the good and evil in the world.
Kino tells the doctor that he will pay him once he sells his pearl, and the doctor attempts to discern where the pearl is located (Kino has buried it in the corner of his hut).
That night, a thief attempts to break into Kino's hut, but Kino drives him away.
Kino dives for oysters from his canoe, attempting to find pearls.
He finds a very large oyster which, when Kino opens it, yields an immense pearl.
Juana tells Kino that the pearl will destroy them, but Kino insists that the pearl is their one chance and that tomorrow they will sell it.
Kino's neighbors wonder what they would do if they had found the pearl, and suggest giving it as a present to the Pope, buying Masses for the souls of his family, and distributing it among the poor of La Paz.Greed disrupts the harmonious nature of the village people who see their own hopes and dreams fulfilled in the pearl.As Kino fights off the envious and evil who surround him, he is unable to reach his happy ending.Later that night, Juana attempts to take the pearl and throw it into the ocean, but Kino finds her and beats her for doing so.While outside, a group of men accost Kino and knock the pearl from his hand.Kino puts back his head and howls, causing the other pearl divers to look up and race toward Kino's canoe.The news that Kino has found an immense pearl travels fast through La Paz.The answer to their prayers is ‘The Pearl of The World’ that would achieve their hopes and dreams.But with Kino’s newfound riches comes the greed and evil of all those around him as well as Kino’s own greed and ambition. The American writer’s best asset is that he writes only after experiencing his subject matter firsthand.The novel is a parable inspired by a Mexican folk tale of a young Indian pearl diver that Steinbeck had heard on his trip to Mexico.