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It begins with his revolutionary Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality (1905).It also includes shorter papers on normal and abnormal sexuality, illustrated by numerous examples provided by Freud's own patients.
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) was a clinical neurologist living and practicing in Vienna.
His ground-breaking theories of the id, ego, and super-ego of the mind continue to be studied throughout the world.
On the case history of the eighteen-year-old Dora, Freud wrote to Fliess shortly after the end of her analysis: "It is the fragment of a hysteria analysis in which the elucidations are grouped around two dreams, hence it is actually a continuation of the dream book.
Apart from that the resolution of the hysterical symptoms and glimpses into the sexual-organic basis of the whole are contained in it.
Gradually, however, he discovered that it was not necessary to put patients into a deep trance; rather, he would merely encourage them to talk freely, saying whatever came to mind without self-censorship, in order to bring unconscious material to the surface, where it could be analyzed.
He found that this method of free association very often evoked memories of traumatic events in childhood, usually having to do with sex.
On publication the Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality causes a scientific scandal.
This work, which Freud considered his most significant after the Interpretation of Dreams, presents the child as a sexual being and it outlines the basis of his theory of the instincts.
The edition reprinted is the 1949 London Edition translated by James Strachey.
In this work Freud advanced his theory of sexuality, in particular its relation to childhood.