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I stated above that defining truth can be challenging.Let’s briefly look at why this is so by way of a seemingly simple example.The common property true of all sentences that express the same truth is what philosophers call the propositional content of the sentences or "the proposition." Now we can better understand the idea behind "non-linguistic bearer of truth value." Propositions are non-linguistic because they aren't written or spoken in a language.
If we're going to get philosophical about it, we could describe its properties as having four words and 17 letters, it's in the English language written in 11 point font and it's black. This sentence has different properties from the first one above.
This one still has the same number of words and letters and it's in English. Now let's take this sentence, "La luna tiene cráteres." This sentence has four words but 19 letters.
Finally postmodernism lays out a view of truth in terms of individual perspectives and community agreement.
While this essay does not focus on practical issues like why a view of truth is important, I'll say a few words about that idea at the end and provide more resources for further reading.
A belief is true if it is consistent with other beliefs we have.
The correspondence theory describes truth in terms of a relation concepts or propositions have to the actual world.
But notice that the truth of the apple’s color has little role to play in what we believe.
No one knows what the truth is and so it plays no role in our epistemology.
Coming up with a definition of truth falls under the discipline of epistemology or the study of knowledge though some philosophers categorize it as a study in metaphysics--the study of what is real.
In this essay, we'll look at some reasons why defining truth can be challenging.